CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY ENGLISH COLLECTION THE GIFT OF JAMES MORGAN HART PROKES. K66 English etymoloi 3 1924 027 421 431 Cornell University Library The original of tliis book is in tine Cornell University Library. Though it is a work of deep research, brilliant sagacity, and admirable completeness, the linguistic laws underlying the various changes of form and meaning are not brought out clearly enough to be easily grasped by the uninitiated.
There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text. We, therefore, propose to furnish the student with a small and concise book enabling him to get an insight into the main linguistic phenomena.
Our primer of English Etymology is meant to serve as an introduction to the study of the historical grammar of English. As our aim has, of course, not been to produce a book in any way comparable to our prede- cessor's work in fulness of detail and general completeness, we have confined ourselves merely to selecting all words,history of which bears on the development of the language at large. We have therefore, in th,e first place, traced back to the older periods loanwords of Scandinavian, French and Latin origin, and such genuine English words as may aflford matter for linguistic investigation. if we may be allowed to give a hint as to the use of our little book, we should advise the teacher to make it a point to deal always with a group of words at a time. In this way we hope to have pro- vided a basis for every historical grammar of English, e.g. Special interest attaches, for instance, to words of early Christian origin, to the names of festivals and the days of the week; besides these the names of the various parts of the house and of the materials used in building, the words for cattle and the various kinds of meat, for eating and drinking, etc. a^r(i« 'fruit', the group / may be derived from teut.
The meaning 'acorn' being a later and special one as compared with GOTH. agro-s) was 'place where the cattle are driven'; cp. might be made the subject of a suggestive discussion. By treating etymology in this way, the teacher will have the advantage of converting a les- son in the growth of the English language into an inquiry into the history of the Anglo-Saxon race, thus lending to a naturally dry subject a fresh charm and a deeper meaning. In conclusion, our best thanks are due to Professor W. Franz of Tiibingen University, who has placed many words and etymologies at our disposal and assisted us in various other ways.